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Crosslinked type II collagen matrices: preparation, characterization, and potential for cartilage engineering

Periodical: Biomaterials ISBN: 0142-9612 (Print)  Number: 15  Date: 2002/07/10  Language: eng  Pages: 3183-92

Authors:Pieper, J. S., van der Kraan, P. M., Hafmans, T., Kamp, J., Buma, P., van Susante, J. L., van den Berg, W. B., Veerkamp, J. H., van Kuppevelt, T. H.
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Abstract
The limited intrinsic repair capacity of articular cartilage has stimulated continuing efforts to develop tissue engineered analogues. Matrices composed of type II collagen and chondroitin sulfate (CS), the major constituents of hyaline cartilage, may create an appropriate environment for the generation of cartilage-like tissue. In this study, we prepared, characterized, and evaluated type 11 collagen matrices with and without CS. Type II collagen matrices were prepared using purified, pepsin-treated, type II collagen. Techniques applied to prepare type I collagen matrices were found unsuitable for type II collagen. Crosslinking of collagen and covalent attachment of CS was performed using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyl aminopropyl)carbodiimide. Porous matrices were prepared by freezing and lyophilization, and their physico-chemical characteristics (degree of crosslinking, denaturing temperature, collagenase-resistance, amount of CS incorporated) established. Matrices were evaluated for their capacity to sustain chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation in vitro. After 7 d of culture, chondrocytes were mainly located at the periphery of the matrices. In contrast to type I collagen, type II collagen supported the distribution of cells throughout the matrix. After 14 d of culture, matrices were surfaced with a cartilagenous-like layer, and occasionally clusters of chondrocytes were present inside the matrix. Chondrocytes proliferated and differentiated as indicated by biochemical analyses, ultrastructural observations, and reverse transcriptase PCR for collagen types I, II and X. No major differences were observed with respect to the presence or absence of CS in the matrices.
Keywords
Biocompatible Materials/*chemistry/toxicity, Biological Availability, Calorimetry, Differential Scanning, Cell Survival/drug effects, Cells, Cultured, Chondroitin ABC Lyase, Chondroitin Sulfates/*chemistry/metabolism, Collagen/*chemistry/ultrastructure, Cross-Linking Reagents/*chemistry, Endopeptidases, Ethyldimethylaminopropyl Carbodiimide/*chemistry, Fibroblasts/cytology/drug effects/physiology, Humans, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Muscle, Skeletal/cytology/drug effects/physiology, Protein Binding, Skin/cytology/drug effects, Stress, Mechanical, Thermodynamics

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CellLine: Primary-cowCC
  Morphology: Chondrocyte
  Origin: Cartilage
  Species: Cow
Scaffold Form: porous solid/sponge
Scaffold Material: Collagen
Scaffold Origin: natural
Scaffold Permanance: Degradable